2019-2020学年高中英语 Unit 5 Canada The True North Section Ⅱ Warming Up & Reading-Language Points课_图文

发布于:2021-04-18 18:57:23

Section_Ⅱ

Warming Up & Reading — Language Points

词义匹配

1.surround A.on or onto a ship, airplane, or train

2.aboard

B.friendly informal conversation

3.chat

C.to be all around someone or something

4.urban

D.place of shelter for ships

5.harbour E.a town or city

6.measure F.to find the size, quality etc., of sth.

7.within

G.very small in degree

8.slight

H.inside the range or limits of sth.

答案:1~8 CABEDFHG

1.surround vt.& vi.包围;围绕 ★背诵佳句培养语感 (教材原句)People say it is Canada's most beautiful city, surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. 人们说它是加拿大最美丽的城市,被大山和太平洋环抱。 (鲜活例句)With the houses surrounded, the thief couldn't escape and was caught by the policemen. 因为房子被包围,小偷无法逃脱,便被警察抓住了。

★归纳拓展全析考点

(1)be surrounded by ...

被……包围、环绕

(2)surround oneself with sb./sth. 和某人/某物在一起

(3)surrounding adj.

周围的;附近的

(4)surroundings n.

环境

①Jill was sitting on the floor surrounded by boxes. 吉尔坐在地板上,周围摆满了箱子。

②I'd like to bring up my child in healthy surroundings. 我想在健康的环境中养育我的孩子。

[语境串记] Once upon a time, a king who was polite to surrounding countries lived in a castle surrounded by a large forest and having wonderful surroundings. 从前,在一个绿树环绕、环境优美的城堡里住着一位国王, 他对邻邦十分友好。

★明辨易混防范失误

比较 surroundings, environment

主要指自然环境,偏重于生活、居住的周围 surroundings 环境

environment

指 大 的 自 然 环 境 , 范 围 要 比 surroundings 大 ; 也可指精神环境、人文环境。强调环境对人 的感受、道德以及观念的影响

用surroundings和environment填空

③As is known to all, an unhappy home environment can affect

a child's behaviour. ④It took me a few weeks to get used to my new surroundings .

2.measure vi. & vt.测量;衡量;判定;有……长(宽、高、重) n.计量制;尺寸;计量单位;措施 ★背诵佳句培养语感 (教材原句)It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring over 90 metres. 那儿湿度很大,所以树长得很高,有些高达 90 多米。 (鲜活例句)Wealth is not always the measure of happiness. 财富不总是衡量幸福的尺度。 (鲜活例句)A meter is a measure of length and a kilogram is a measure of weight. 米是长度单位,公斤是重量单位。

★归纳拓展全析考点

(1)measure sth.by sth.

用某物来衡量某物

(2)make sth.to sb.'s measure

照某人的尺寸做某物

take measures/steps/action to do sth. 采取措施做某事

①Education shouldn't be measured purely by examination results.

教育不应该纯粹用考试成绩来衡量。

②The government has taken measures to prevent the spread of

AIDS. 政府已采取措施防止艾滋病的传播。

3.aboard adv.&prep.在船、飞机、火车或公共汽车上 ★背诵佳句培养语感 (教材原句)That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins settled down in their seats. 那天下午表姐妹俩才登上火车落了座。 (鲜活例句)The plane crashed, killing all 180 people aboard. 飞机坠毁了,机上180人全部遇难。

★归纳拓展全析考点

go aboard (the ship/plane/train) 上(船、飞机或火车)

on board

在船(车、飞机等)上

go on board

上船(车、飞机等)

①As soon as we went on board/went aboard, our ship left the

port. 我们一上船,船就出港了。

[点津] aboard相当于on board。

board v.上(船、飞机等);寄宿 n.木板;董事会;膳食 (费用) abroad adv.在国外;到国外 broad adj.宽阔的 ②Hurry up! It's time for us to board the plane. 快点!到我们登机的时间了。

[语境串记] The man with broad shoulders boarded the plane to travel abroad and he only took daily necessaries aboard. 这位肩膀宽阔的人登机去国外旅游,他只携带日常用品上飞机。

4.within prep.在……之内 ★背诵佳句培养语感 (教材原句)At school, they had learned that most Canadians live within a few hundred kilometres of the USA border ... 他们在学校学过,大多数加拿大人居住在靠近美国几百千米 以内的边境地带…… (鲜活例句)He was waiting inside the hall and he said Grandma would be back within ten minutes. 他在大厅里等着,并且说奶奶十分钟之内回来。

★归纳拓展全析考点

within one's power/ability within reach

在某人能力之内 触手可及

①It wasn't within my power to help her.

帮助她并非我力所能及之事。

②Adjust the car seat so that all the controls are within reach .

把汽车座位调整一下,以便所有的控制装置伸手可及。

[点津] within reach有within one's reach, within (easy) reach

of等变式。

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.The aliens took me aboard the UFO so that they could do
research on me. 2.There is just slightly (slight) too much salt in the soup. 3.David likes to surround himself with young people. 4.The tailor made a suit to my measure. 5.We are living in pleasant surroundings (surround).

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.这个池塘宽约2米。
The pond measures about 2 metres across. 2.山里的景色非常美。
_T__h_e_s_c_e_n_e_r_y_i_n_t_h_e_m__o_u_n_t_a_in__s _ is very beautiful. 3.我们难以决定是向东走还是向西走。
We couldn't decide whether to go eastward or westward . 4.那座寺庙在两国边界附近。
The temple is near the border between two countries.

5.我们在咖啡馆坐了几个小时,谈了谈各自的经历。 We sat in the caféfor hours chatting about our experiences.
6.当飞机失事时,机上所有乘客遇难。 All passengers aboard lost their lives when the plane crashed.
7.他的行动在法律范围之内。 His actions were within the law .
8.在某些发展中国家,越来越多的人向市区迁移。
In some developing countries more and more people are moving to urban areas .

1.rather than 2.thousands of 3.settle down 4. manage to do 5.catch sight of 6.have a gift for

与其;不愿 成千上万的 定居;平静下来;专心于 设法做 看见;瞥见 对……有天赋

1.settle down定居;平静下来;专心于 ★背诵佳句培养语感 (鲜活例句)They'd like to see their daughter settle down, get married, and have kids. 他们希望女儿安顿下来,结婚成家,生儿育女。 (鲜活例句)I can't settle down to anything at present. 目前,我做什么都静不下心来。

★归纳拓展全析考点

(1)settle down to (doing) sth. 开始认真对待某事物;静下心来做某事

(2)settle vt.

决定;解决(问题、纠纷等);使定居

(3)settlement n. 解决;定居;协议

(4)settler n.

定居者;移民者

①He found it hard to settle down to (doing) his work. 他觉得很难静下心来工作。

②With a lot of problems to settle , I can't go out with you. 有许多问题要解决,我不能与你一起外出。

[点津] settle down to中to为介词。

2.manage to do设法做 (= succeed in doing) ★背诵佳句培养语感 (教材原句)Earlier that day,when they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. 那天早些时候,当她们穿越落基山脉时,她们设法看到了 野山羊,甚至还看到了一只大灰熊和一只鹰。 (鲜活例句)The soldiers managed to save/succeeded in saving the boy out of the ruins. 战士们设法把那个男孩从废墟中救了出来。

★归纳拓展全析考点 (1)口语中,manage 常与 can, could, be able to 连用,表示“能
对付” (2)manage it 能做到 ①—Do you need any help with the box? 需要帮忙搬这个箱子吗? —Thanks! But I can manage myself. 谢谢!但是我自己能对付。 ②I said we'd be there by seven; do you think we'll manage it ? 我说我们将在 7 点钟之前赶到那儿,你认为我们能做到吗?

★明辨易混防范失误 比较 manage to do, try to do manage to do 表示设法成功干某事,强调结果
表示尽力做某事,但是成功与否不确定,强 try to do 调动作 用manage to 和try to填空 ③The teacher tried to persuade the student to hand in his homework in time, but failed. ④Even though he was very tired, he managed to send all the letters to the receivers.

3.catch sight of看见;瞥见 ★背诵佳句培养语感 (鲜活例句)I caught sight of her talking with her friend in the street on my way to shopping. 在我去购物的路上,我看见她在街上和朋友交谈。

★归纳拓展全析考点 at first sight at the sight of lose one's sight lose sight of out of sight

初看时;乍看起来 一看见就 失明;丧失视力 看不见…… 看不见……

①The baby cried at the sight of his mother. 那婴儿一看见他妈妈就哭起来了。 ②She said “Goodbye” to us and then we lost sight of her in the crowd. 她向我们说了“再见”,然后就消失在人群中。 ③I wasn't going to allow myself to become a case of out of _s_ig_h_t_, out of mind. 我不想让自己成为“眼不见,心不想”的实例。

4.have a gift/talent for对……有天赋 ★背诵佳句培养语感 (教材原句)Many of them have a gift for riding wild horses and can win thousands of dollars in prizes. 他们中许多人都有骑野马的才能,他们能赢得几千美元 的奖金。 (鲜活例句)He has a gift for painting and his elder sister is a person of many gifts. 他有绘画天赋,而他姐姐则是一个多才多艺的人。

★归纳拓展全析考点

(1)gift n.

天赋;天生的才能

(2)gifted (= talented) adj.

有天分的;有天赋的

a gifted man = a man of many gifts 多才多艺的人

be gifted/talented at doing sth./in sth. 擅长做某事

[语境串记]

The gifted musician is a man of many gifts, who had a gift for

music when he was a child, and now he is gifted at playing many musical instruments. 这位有才华的音乐家是一个多才多艺的人。当他是个孩子时就

有音乐天赋。现在他擅长演奏很多乐器。

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.Her mother has a gift for making guests feel at home. 2.She would read rather than go to the cinema. 3.Jenny managed to pass (pass) her driving test on the fifth
attempt. 4.I caught sight of an empty seat at the back of the bus. 5.I want to get married and settle down .

Ⅱ.选词填空
settle down, catch sight of, manage to, have a gift for 1.I was wandering in the street when I caught sight of Tom
chatting with a girl. 2.After John came back from abroad, he decided to settle down
in his hometown. 3.My little brother has a gift for singing songs.He has a golden
voice. 4.In spite of bad weather, we managed to get to the airport
in time.

1.[句型展示] Rather_than take the aeroplane all the way,
they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而决定先飞到温哥华,再从西海岸乘 火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。 [典例背诵]
Students need more practice and learning skills rather than more homework. 学生需要的是更多的练习和学习技巧而不是更多的作业。

2.[句型展示] Going_eastward,_you'll pass mountains and
thousands of lakes and forests, as well as wide rivers and large cities. 当你们一路向东行,你们会经过一座座山脉,上千个湖泊、 森林,还有宽阔的河流和许多大城市。 [典例背诵]
Because I was late for school, I stood by the door, not daring to say a word. 因为上学迟到了,我站在门旁,不敢说一句话。

3.[句型展示] It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some_measuring_over_90_metres. 那儿湿度很大,所以树长得很高,有些高达90多米。 [典例背诵]
More time given, we should have done it much better. 若给更多时间,我们会做得更好。

4.[句型展示] Canada has more fresh water than_any_other
country in the world. 加拿大的淡水比世界上任何其他国家都要多。 [典例背诵]
The population of China is larger than that of any other country in the world. 中国的人口比世界上其他任何国家的人口都多。

1.Rather_than_ take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而决定先飞到温哥华,再从西海岸乘 火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。
(1)rather than 与其;不愿(连接两个并列成分) ①He was busy writing a letter rather than watching TV. 他正忙于写信而不是看电视。

(2)rather than 连接的两个并列成分作主语时,谓语与 rather than 前面的成分在人称和数上保持一致。 ②I think Tom, rather than you, is to blame. 我认为是汤姆,而不是你应受到责备。
(3)rather than 后接不定式时,不定式可以带 to,也可以不带 to, 但当 rather than 位于句首时,只能接不带 to 的不定式。 ③I decided to write rather than (to) telephone. = Rather than telephone I decided to write. 我决定写信而不是打电话。

would rather do ...than do = would do ...rather than do
宁可做……也不做…… prefer to do ...rather than do ... = prefer doing ...to doing ...
宁可做……而不愿做…… ④I would die rather than give in to the enemy. 我宁愿死也不屈服于敌人。 ⑤He preferred to stay at home watching TV rather than go to the concert. 他宁愿坐在家里看电视也不愿去听音乐会。

(4)would rather后接宾语从句时,谓语动词用虚拟语气。表示 一个现在或将来的愿望,谓语用一般过去时;表示一个过去 的愿望,谓语用过去完成时。 ⑥I would rather you came tomorrow than today. 我宁愿你明天来而不是今天。 ⑦I'd rather you met her at the airport tomorrow morning. 但愿你明天早上能在机场见到她。 ⑧I'd rather you hadn't told him the news that day. 我真希望你那天没有把消息告诉他。

2.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres. 那儿湿度很大,所以树长得很高,有些高达 90 多米。 some measuring over 90 metres 为独立主格结构,在句中作 状语。 独立主格结构形式为:
(1)名词/代词+现在分词(表示主动或正在进行) (2)名词/代词+过去分词(表示被动或已完成) (3)名词/代词+不定式(表示将要发生的动作)

(4)名词/代词+形容词/副词/介词短语(常用来说明名词或代词的 性质、特征或所处的状态) ①Time permitting, we'll go to your house. 如果时间许可的话,我们就去你家。 ②He entered the room, his head lowered. 他低着头进了房间。 ③Lots of homework to do , I have to stay at home all day. 由于有很多家庭作业要做,我只好一整天都待在家里。 ④The meeting over , the teachers went out one by one. 会议结束了,老师们一个个走了出来。

Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.He was deeply troubled by the thought that she might
leave him. 2.I finished the work in advance, all of them helping (help) me. 3.We must take measures to stop (stop) pollution. 4.Our class has more students than any other class. 5.I would rather stay at home than go out.

Ⅱ.同义词转换(每空一词) 1.When the test was finished, we began our holiday.
→ The test finished , we began our holiday. 2.If weather permits, we will go out for a picnic tomorrow.
→ Weather permitting , we will go out for a picnic tomorrow. 3.He would rather stay at home than go to school.
→He would stay at home rather than go to school.


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